Persian Rugs have received international acknowledgment for their
artistic splendor and glorious design. The Persian Rug industry can
be dated back to fifth century BC, establishing very clearly that
Persian carpets were made more than twenty-five hundred years ago.
In seventh century AD records show the early patterns were usually
symmetrical with geometric and floral motifs, and they were made
primarily of wool and silk. The beauty of the Persian garden was
reflected in their designs. Persian Rugs were thought to be one of
the relished possessions of royalty. In time, Persian Rugs portrayed
stylized animal and human figures, especially those of royalty, and
they became a focus of the carpets woven designs.
Unfortunately, the methodology of Persian Rug making was lost
through the ages. The Iranians were among the first carpet weaver of
the ancient civilizations and, through centuries of creativity and
ingenuity building upon the talents of the past, achieved a unique
degree of excellence. Little examples remain before the sixteenth
century. Then during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries the
quality of the raw materials used to create the carpets and the
design of weaving were brought to an astonishing new level. A weaver
was an honored profession. They were given great privileges.
Historians tell that sheep were specially bred to grow the finest
possible wool for weaving. Vegetable plantations were tended with
scientific precision to provide permanent dyes of just the right
shade. A new era marked the perfection of the Persian Rug and to
this day, the best-known cultural export in Iran are Persian Rugs.
It is estimated that today Iran produces approximately
three-quarters of all the handmade rugs in the world.
Because the wool and cotton and silk used in marking the carpets are
perishable, very few of the earliest carpet are now in existence.
The earliest known Persian Rug was discovered by Russian Professor
Rudenko in 1949 during excavations of burial mounds in the Altai
Mountains in Siberia. The rug had been preserved purely by chance.
Soon after it had been placed in the burial mound, grave robbers
raided the mound. They ignored the carpet. Through the opening they
left, water poured into the mound and froze, thus protecting the
carpet from decay. Called the Pazyryk rug, the carpet has a woolen
pile knotted with Chiordes knot. Its central field is a deep red
color and it has two wide borders, one depicting deer and the other
Persian horseman. It dates from the fifth century B.C. and is now
kept in the Hermitage Museum of Leningrad.
shopping for a Persian Rug the different areas and provinces they
are made in influence how they are made and their designs. To give
you an idea: rugs from Kerman province are thought of as some of
the most colorful and soft. Tabriz is known for variety while Na'in
for the number of knots. Ghom has the more traditional designs and
Kashan is known for strength and durability. Some other areas find
more bold designs and others use goat's wool rather than sheep’s
wool. Kerman Province is renowned for its soft and, often, very
large rugs. They are very colorful, often containing shades of
green, and are usually made from locally-grown cotton. Khorasan Rugs
are influenced by the nomatic Turks, as well as Arabs. Kordestan
has the most simple rugs in design and colors.
When you shop for a Persian
Rug you enter history past, present, and future. Not only is your
rug purchase a fine investment, but also a form of currency, and a
keepsake to hand down from generation to generation. The element of
luxury with which the Persian carpet is associated today provides a
marked contrast with its humble beginning among the nomadic tribes
that at one time wandered the great expanse of Persia in search of